Eye Conditions

Eye conditions

Your eyes are very precious. It’s important that any vision problems be detected quickly so that they can be corrected, or prevented from worsening.

If you suspect that you have any of these vision problems, or are worried about your eyes in any way, please contact us immediately.

Many eye conditions can be slowed, stopped or even resolved if they are found in their early stages. The sophisticated equipment that we use at Optopia can pick up even small changes in your eye.

Shortsightedness (myopia) makes it difficult to see objects in the distance. It’s simple to correct with glasses or contact lenses.

Longsightedness (hyperopia) makes it difficult to see objects that are close to you. It’s easily corrected with glasses or contact lenses.

Astigmatism is a focusing error caused by a variation in the shape of the front of your eye. Again, this can be easily corrected with glasses or contact lenses.

Presbyopia makes vision difficult specifically at reading distance. Presbyopia usually develops between the ages of 40 and 65 and is a normal part of ageing. Glasses or contact lenses can restore normal vision.

Amblyopia is also sometimes known as ‘lazy eye’ and means that the vision from one eye is not sending effective messages to the brain. Untreated amblyopia in children can lead to permanent vision problems. The earlier that it is detected, the easier it is to treat.

Eye coordination disorders means a tendency for the eyes to point in different directions. If this is extreme, it may lead to a squint – when one eye is effectively ‘turned off’ and points in a different direction. Glasses or special exercises can help to correct this .

Colour vision deficiencies are sometimes referred to as colourblindness. In fact, it really means that someone may confuse two colours (like red or green). This is generally inherited and affects more men than women. Children, particularly boys, should be tested for this.

Vision Problems

Eye Conditions & Diseases

Glaucoma occurs when the nerve cells that transmit information from the eye to the brain become damaged. It is often associated with a build-up of pressure in the eye. Glaucoma is largely symptom-free until permanent damage has occurred, and if untreated can cause blindness. An optometrist can diagnose it in its early stages and prescribe treatment to prevent damage. Glaucoma usually affects over 40s and tends to run in families.

Cataracts are a cloudiness that develops in the normally clear lens of the eye. They are particularly common in people over 65 and get progressively worse. To prevent blindness, cataracts need to be detected early and monitored. They can be fixed surgically if required.

Floaters and spots are specks and particles that can sometimes be seen in the field of vision. Most people see them at some point and they do not cause any problems. However, if they suddenly appear or worsen then it’s important to see your optometrist as this may be a sign of serious vision problems such as a detached retina.

Diabetes is a common cause of vision problems – affecting 70 per cent of diabetics within 15 years of diagnosis. Problems can include glaucoma, cataracts and retinopathy, a condition that causes changes at the back of the eye. It is vital that diabetics see an optometrist every year, or more often if they have retinopathy.

Pterygia are small triangular growths on the cornea (the clear central part of the eye), They are not cancerous or dangerous, but can be uncomfortable and eventually interfere with vision. They can be removed by surgery.

Macular Degeneration causes the loss of central vision. It usually affects the over 50s, although inherited forms of the disease can affect younger people. Symptoms can include straight lines that appear wavy, difficulty in using fine vision and difficulty in seeing anything straight in front of you. It can cause irreversible vision loss and it’s important that it be detected as soon as possible.

You should always have any growth in or around your eye checked by optometrist as soon as possible.

Protect your eyes from the sun
When outside in bright sunlight, always wear sunglasses that comply with Australian standard AS1067 or EPF 10. This will protect the front of your eye from solar damage, and will also protect the lens and slow down cataract formation. UV damage has also been implicated in Macular Degeneration.

If you work outside as part of your job, then your sunglasses may be tax deductible.

Eyes love a healthy diet! Recent studies have shown that a poor and over processed diet can contribute to macular degeneration. Foods to eat that might help include: fresh fruit, dark green leafy vegetables, fish and other foods rich in omega oils. You should also keep your cholesterol and blood pressure levels low.

Smoking has also been shown to contribute to macular degeneration. Smoke can also cause eye irritation, particularly for contact lens wearers.

Perhaps the most important way to keep your eyes healthy is to make regular visits to your optometrist.

Healthy Eyes

Glasses & Lense Care

Caring for your glasses

Prevent your glasses from becoming loose by always using two hands to put them on and take them off. If your glasses need any adjustment, our optical assistant will be happy to do this for you.

Clean your glasses every day using cool water and liquid hand wash. Rinse with clean water and then dry with a soft towel or lens cleaning cloth. For cleaning on-the-go, use special lens cleaning sprays or micro fibre cloths.

Protect your glasses against knocks and bumps by storing them in a hard case when you are not wearing them. If you are highly dependent on your glasses, consider investing in a spare pair as a safeguard.

Remember, we offer a two-year guarantee against any manufacturing defects.

Caring for contact lenses

The most important thing to remember when caring for contact lenses is hygiene, hygiene, hygiene!

Before handling your lenses, always wash your hands thoroughly, preferably with an anti-bacterial handwash, and dry them on a lint-free cloth. Handling your lenses means that any dirt on your hands will come into contact with your eyes, so it’s important to keep them scrupulously clean.

Use only the recommended solutions with your lenses and never rinse them under the tap. Daily disposable lenses are intended for single use and must be thrown away afterwards.

Never wear any lenses overnight, other than extended wear lenses that are specifically designed for this.

If you experience any unusual discomfort, or signs of an eye infection, stop wearing your lenses and call Kerin!